HYDROCARBON PUBLISHING COMPANY
Translating Knowledge into Profitability®
A member of the Hydrocarbon Analytics Group
Publication date:4Q 2017
To comply with environmental legislation, refiners are reducing pollution by scrubbing SOX and NOX from flue gas, installing tailgas units to sulfur plants, decreasing NOX production in fired heaters and steam boilers, eliminating fugitive hydrocarbon emissions (leaks), and in the future minimizing CO2 production (or reducing carbon footprint) which can be accomplished by increasing energy efficiency.
Flue gas from industrial sources is known to contain a large amount of compounds (i.e., CO, NOX, SOX, PM) that are considered harmful to the environment. Government agencies have set standards to control the amount of these compounds that are released to the atmosphere. The US, European Union, and Japan have imposed increasingly stringent limits on the amount of these pollutants that are permitted to be discharged from stationary sources. As a result, refiners in these regions must now install pollution control technology to ensure that they are in compliance with these tougher standards or risk being fined for non-compliance. In refineries, the main sources of stationary emissions are process furnaces, steam boilers, flares, sulfur recovery units, storage and handling facilities, and oil/water separation systems.
Additionally, the environmental controls section features the latest trends and technology offerings, including:
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Keywords: NOX, SOX, SO2, SO3, H2S, PM, CO, CO2, GHGs, greenhouse gases, carbon footprint, VOC, volatile organic compounds, NH3, emissions, particulate matter, air quality, clean air act, opacity, flue gas, scrubbing, FCC, fluid catalytic cracking, sulfur plant, sulfur recovery, flaring, flare gas, flare recovery, pollution, compliance, SCR, selective catalytic reduction, SNCR, selective non-catalytic reduction, ESP, electrostatic precipitator, low-NOX burner, ultra-low-NOX burner, tailgas treating, Claus, acid gas removal